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Project Evaluation
The year 1999 was very important for CWDS as it was possible to make an evaluation of the program activities undertaken and implemented from 1991 to 1998 in Nuwakot district of Nepal. The evaluator (Dr. Sunil Wagle-an expert in SARD) went through all the printed reports and other publications of CWDS, made extensive visits of the area and repeated interactions with communities, staff and local leaders before submitting the final evaluation report to CWDS in April 1999. The report is very interesting and encouraging to all involved in sustainable agriculture and rural development (SARD) related program implementation. The Impact Summary of all the activities and initiatives of CWDS have been presented in nine boxes (given below) in the evaluation report.
Box 1: Education Programs Impact Summary
Objectives of education programs:
To make the target groups (community people) feel that education is necessary, and to improve their literacy level for capacity building in development programs.
Expectation of the beneficiaries:
Moderate to high.
Target groups:
Community people.
Impact:
Full participation in development opportunities.
Number of student enrollment in the schools is increasing.
Level of their understanding is high.
Ready to attend literacy courses if opportunities are available.
Performance:
Satisfactory.
Box 2: Goat Castration-a taboo vs. income
Tamang is the dominant ethnic group in CWDS area and castration of goat was considered to be a taboo in Tamang community. CWDS' effort in promotion of goat raising and castration of goat is a major breakthrough by making them realize the benefits of it. Now they have considered goat raising as one of the most popular income generating programs in the area since they can make three times more money from a castrated goat than the uncastrated one. Looking at the marketing and future prospect of goat raising and its probable impact on environment and ecology, CWDS has linked this enterprise with fodder and grass plantation program on large scale in the area.
Box 3: An interesting story
Pig raising was completely new to the area as pig raising was again a taboo in Tamang community. A Tamang youth in 1992 started pig raising with three pigs although it was a breach of traditional norms in Tamang community. The youth was a facilitator of a literacy clss in his village in 1991 and came in contact with CWDS' staff and professionals. Somehow it clicked into his mind to start a new enterprise of pig raising. But it was not possible to raise pig in/near the family house because of the tradition. So, he constructed a separate pig house in his bari-land (outskirts of the family house). In due course of time he could make significant profit from the enterprise and nothing had happened to his family as well. Other Tamang families then believed that pig raising could be a good source of income.
Box 4: Development Programs Impact Summary
Objectives of development programs:
To implement an integrated development approach in order to help uplift the socio-economic condition of the rural poor.
Expectation of the beneficiaries:
High to very high.
Target groups:
Community people of four VDCs of Nuwakot district.
Impact of development programs:
Easy access to fund mobilization by the introduction of saving / credit programs in the community.
Promotion of different kinds of income generating activities for the economic benefit of the rural poor.
Improvement on health and sanitary situation in the area.
  Full fledged community participation in development activities.
Level of their understanding is high.
Performance:
Excellent.
Box 5: An ideal agriculture system
CWDS has been working for the promotion of "an ideal agriculture system" in Nepal. An ideal agriculture system is sustainable, maintains and improves human health, benefits producers and consumers both economically and spiritually, protects the environment and produces enough food for an increasing population.
Box 6: CWDS's efforts in minimizing the pressure on available natural resources, and strategies adopted for sustainable agriculture and natural resource management
Box 7: Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Agriculture Development Programs Impact Summary
Objectives:
To promote environmentally friendly and ecologically sound sustainable farming systems to minimize the pressure on available natural resources and to revive the natural capacity of the soil and indigenous wisdom of the people
Expectation of the beneficiaries:
Moderate to high.
Target groups:
Community people of four VDCs of Nuwakot district.
Impact of sustainable development program:
Implementation of LEISA to make the community self-reliant.
Efficient use of locally available resources to sustain and improve the quality of life.
Introduction of EM for over-all quality development of soil/plant and nature.
  Promotion of bio-intensive gardening for better ecology and economy
Searching of appropriate intervention strategies and approaches to sustainable development.
  Community participation in sustainable agriculture development.
  Level of their understanding is high.
Performance:
Satisfactory.
Box 8: Networking and Institutional Strengthening Programs Impact Summary
Objectives:
To develop professional linkages with national international organization for institutional strengthening and capacity building of staff members for the overall implementation and management of its programs.
Expectation of the beneficiaries:
Moderate to high.
Target groups:
CWDS and its functionaries.
Impact of networking and institutional strengthening program:
Development of professional linkages with more than 20 international organizations within the short time frame.
Recognition of CWDS as a member organization in many international associations / federations.
Networking with national and international agencies through publication and dissemination.
  Volunteer cooperation and involvement of graduate / internship students in CWDS programs.
Participation in national / international programs followed by exposure and observation trips for capacity building of the staff and the beneficiaries.
Performance:
Excellent.
Box 9: Organic Farming-A Success Story
Mr. Jas Ram Tamang is a young and energetic person who bought 13.5 ropani of land in Ward No. 3 of Okharpauwa Village Development Committee in 1969/70. He said "he had a very hard time to start farming in his field since there was nothing being cultivated before he bought this land". There were only one or two trees. The soil was very poor. However, he started with some local varieties of buckwheat, radish, millet and maize but the production was very low. He applied chemical fertilizer which was available in the near market. After the continuous application of fertilizers, he was able to increase the production of his produce for sometimes but later in 1985/86, the trend of production went down. Then he had only three members in his family and the production was not sufficient to sustain his family for the whole year. He had to find some other sources of income in order to sustain the family for the whole year. He started doing some labor job as well as the carpentry work as an alternative source of income. He was very innovative since beginning and was looking for some alternatives to improve his land. Somehow or the other, he came up with the idea that he needs to plant some trees in his land. The basic principle behind this was to maintain the diversity. During the year 1986/87 he planted some trees having fuelwood and fodder values. He came to know about CWDS and thus got himself associated with it. With the help of CWDS, he started organic farming in a fairly small fragment of his land (1/4 of a ropani) in 1994/95. He was very enthusiastic and hard working. In 1994/95 he started growing different kinds of vegetables organically. The production was satisfactory. After tow years, the soil condition of his land was improved. He got motivated and thought of continuing organic farming. In 1996, he cultivated organic vegetable in one 1.5 ropani of land. He started getting good results and was happy with what he was doing. By this time there was a great deal of improvement in the soil condition of his land. The only problem he faced was the infestation of the pest because he had stopped using chemical pesticides. In the second half of the year, he again came up with the idea that he needs to practice multiple cropping to get rid off the pest. In the meantime, CWDS had already introduced EM in its project area. Mr. Tamang had no hesitation to use EM in His field. Within one & half year i.e. 1997/98 he again extended the area of his land only for organic farming form 1.5 ropani to 8 to 9 ropanis. He was growing different kinds of vegetables, maize, millet and potato. He found that the rate of production in organic farming was better than that of chemical farming. At present, the total members in his family are six and he does not have to rely on outside sources of income. The production is enough to sustain his family from his own field. At present, he also has one buffalo and some chicken in his house. Besides sustaining the family, he started marketing his surplus produce in Kathmandu, and could save money out of it. During the last few months, he marketed his organic produce viz., cucumber, radish, pumpkin, chayote and some leafy vegetables in Kathmandu and could earn around Rs. 8,000/-. He concluded, "he wants to be an organic grower in the future because it doesn't pollute the environment and the soil". He again added, "organic farming will change the fate of a farmer". His neighbors never knew what he was doing in the part but now-a-days, they have realized the importance of organic farming and its prospect in the future. The condition of the soil has been improved so much that only two persons will be enough to maintain his field.
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P.O. Box: 7923, Kathmandu, Nepal
Tel: +977-1-350196, 350056 Fax: +977-1-350038
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Last updated on:   March 14, 2001